Changing Technology Trends and Adaptation

In today’s world, it is impossible to see growth in any sector without technology backing its growth and the agricultural sector is no different. Technology advancement brings about speed, precision, and productivity, these are what the agricultural sector needs to combat poverty and hunger.

This article will be talking about emerging technological trends and how it benefits the agricultural sector. These technologies are:

Drones: Also known as Unnamed Aerial Vehicle (UAV), it is aircraft that have no human onboard but are controlled by a remote controller. The first modern drone was developed in 1935, it was built for warfare but nowadays drone is used for taking photos and aerial videos. In agriculture drones are used to collect information about the field, this information is used to increase crop yield and farm efficiency. Drones are also used for spraying fertilizer and pesticides; it uses their sensors to identify the specific area of the farm that needs to be sprayed with pesticides and then sprays on it instead of spraying the whole farm thereby reducing wastage and cost, it also gives information to the farmer on the amount of fertilizer that needs to be used. It is also used to monitor livestock and to detect if there is any predator nearby.
Drones cover areas of the farm easier than humans and they can provide necessary information with precision very fast.

Artificial Intelligence: artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence. The word ‘artificial intelligence is not understood by farmers because it seems like something that is only used in the digital world but A. I can be useful to the farmer in many ways on the farm. Though A. I seems to be powerful, it can’t stand alone but needs to be combined with other technology. A. I can process a large chunk of data from the farm, interpret it and when combined with another technology can facilitate the best method to be taken.

A.I when combined with technologies like IOT sensors, software, robotics and drones can help farmers analyze the market demands, crop management, know the best time to sow and harvest, forecast the weather and also facilitate an action that is best for the farmer regarding the information that was interpreted.

Robotics and Automation: during the pandemic, farmers faced a shortage of labor and this also caused the rise in food prices but robotics and automation solve this. This technology helps the farmer to get the work that needs to be done on the farm very fast and efficiently without much use of labor. One of the advantages of robotics and automation is that it doesn’t need to be paid wages and it is always available to be used, this helps the farmer to save cost and energy.

Automated Tractor: photo credit: Adobe Stock

Blockchain Technology: For most people, if you talk about blockchain, the first thing that comes to their mind is a cryptocurrency like Bitcoin or Ethereum but the blockchain is the technology that enables the existence of cryptocurrency. Blockchain is a digital ledger that can record transactional data and track assets in a supply chain or business network.
For a long time, farmers have had an issue of traceability of information in the food supply chain, lack of trust between them and their customers, and counterfeit but with blockchain, these issues become non-existent. Unlike traditional ICT data cannot be manipulated on the blockchain, so this gives the customer confidence in the product he uses, this also eliminates the problem of confusion between original

products and counterfeit. Blockchain technology in agriculture is one of the latest innovations that the agricultural sector has started to implement.